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SharePoint Online: Find All Large Lists using PowerShell CSOM

SharePoint online uses the hard limit of 5000 items as its list view threshold. So, we need to keep an eye on large lists in our SharePoint online environment. Here is the PowerShell script to scan and get all lists which are exceeding 5000 items limit on given SharePoint online site collection.
powershell to find large lists in sharepoint online

PowerShell Script to find all large lists in SharePoint Online:
#Load SharePoint CSOM Assemblies
Add-Type -Path "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\16\ISAPI\Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.dll"
Add-Type -Path "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\16\ISAPI\Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.Runtime.dll"

#Config Parameters
$SiteURL="https://crescent.sharepoint.com"
$ReportOutput="C:\temp\LargeLists.csv"
$Threshold=5000

#Exclude system lists
$ExcludedLists = @("App Packages","appdata","appfiles","Apps in Testing","Cache Profiles","Composed Looks","Content and Structure Reports","Content type publishing error log","Converted Forms",
 "Device Channels","Form Templates","fpdatasources","Get started with Apps for Office and SharePoint","List Template Gallery", "Long Running Operation Status","Maintenance Log Library"
 ,"Master Docs","Master Page Gallery","MicroFeed","NintexFormXml","Quick Deploy Items","Relationships List","Reusable Content","Search Config List", "Solution Gallery",
 "Suggested Content Browser Locations","TaxonomyHiddenList","User Information List","Web Part Gallery","wfpub","wfsvc","Workflow History","Workflow Tasks")

#Delete the Output Report, if exists
if (Test-Path $ReportOutput) {  Remove-Item $ReportOutput }

#Setup Credentials
$Cred= Get-Credential
$Credentials = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.SharePointOnlineCredentials($Cred.Username, $Cred.Password)

Function Get-SPOLargeLists($SiteURL)
{
    Write-host "Processing Web:"$SiteURL
    Try {
            #Setup the context
            $Ctx = New-Object Microsoft.SharePoint.Client.ClientContext($SiteURL)
            $Ctx.Credentials = $Credentials

            #Get the web from given URL and its subsites
            $Web = $Ctx.web
            $Ctx.Load($Web)
            $Ctx.Load($web.Webs)
            $Ctx.executeQuery()

            #Get all lists from the web
            $Lists = $Ctx.Web.Lists
            $Ctx.Load($Lists)
            $Ctx.ExecuteQuery()

            $LargeListsResult = @()
            #Loop through each list and get items count
            Foreach($List in $Lists)
                {
                    if($ExcludedLists -NotContains $List.Title) #Exclude certain Lists
                       {
                        if($List.ItemCount -gt $Threshold)
                              {
                                #Get the Result to a psobject
                                $Result = New-Object PSObject
                                $Result | Add-Member NoteProperty Title($List.Title)
                                $Result | Add-Member NoteProperty URL($web.URL)
                                $Result | Add-Member NoteProperty Count($List.ItemCount)
                    
                                #Add the result to an Array
                                $LargeListsResult += $Result

                                Write-host "Found List '$($List.Title)' with $($List.ItemCount) Items" -f Yellow
                                }
                        }
                }

                #Export the result Array to CSV file
                $LargeListsResult | Export-CSV $ReportOutput -NoTypeInformation -Append

                #Iterate through each subsite of the current web and call the function recursively
                foreach ($Subweb in $web.Webs)
                {
                    #Call the function recursively to process all subsites underneaththe current web
                    Get-SPOLargeLists($Subweb.url)
                }
    }
    Catch {
        write-host -f Red "Error Adding Column to List!" $_.Exception.Message
    }
}

#Call the function with Root site URL
Get-SPOLargeLists -SiteURL $SiteURL 

Here is my another post for on-premises Find Large Lists in SharePoint using PowerShell
SharePoint Online: Find All Large Lists using PowerShell CSOM SharePoint Online: Find All Large Lists using PowerShell CSOM Reviewed by Salaudeen Rajack on 7:23 PM Rating: 5

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