How to Set Welcome Page Programmatically in SharePoint?

By default, SharePoint uses "default.aspx" page as the welcome page (or Home page) in SharePoint 2007 and "SitePages/Home.aspx" in SharePoint 2010. It uses Pages/Home.aspx when publishing feature is enabled under MOSS 2007.

If you want to change Home Page: SharePoint provides users an interface to set the welcome page once Publishing feature is enabled. (By going to Site actions >> Site Settings >> Welcome Page)
change sharepoint welcome page
and specify the welcome page.
How to set welcome page in sharepoint

What if You don't want to enable the publishing feature, but want to change the Welcome page? Just hit this URL in browser:

http://Sharepoint-site-URL/_layouts/AreaWelcomePage.aspx  ,change the Sharepoint-site-URL accordingly.

Want to do it Programmatically? Yes, We can set welcome page in SharePoint 2010 programmatically with Object Model. Here is how:
Change welcome page programmatically Using C# Object Model:
using (SPSite site = new SPSite("")) 
    using (SPWeb web = site.RootWeb) 
        SPFolder rootFolder = web.RootFolder;
        rootFolder.WelcomePage = "Pages/HomePage.aspx";

Set Welcome Page in SharePoint Using PowerShell:
$SiteUrl = ""
$Site = Get-SPWeb -identity $SiteUrl
$RootFolder = $Site.RootFolder;
$RootFolder.WelcomePage = "SitePages/HomePage.aspx";

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