There are limits in the number of columns we can create in a SharePoint list. You may Get “Column Limit Exceeded” when You add a new column to a SharePoint List. This is because of the column limitations.
Column limits in SharePoint 2003/2007 List:
With Windows SharePoint Services, you can create the following numbers of each column type for each list or library:
- 64 Single line of text and Choice (drop-down menu or radio buttons)
- 31 Multiple lines of text and Choice (check boxes (allow multiple sections))
- 32 Number and currency
- 32 Hyperlink
- 16 Date and time
- 16 Lookup
- 16 Yes/No
- 8 Calculated
Refer to this KB for the limitations on the maximum number of columns we can have: https://support.microsoft.com/kb/823555
The above applies to SharePoint 2007 as well, but this is not a hard limit.
For SharePoint 2013 lists Column limits:
Refer to this Technet article: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sharepoint/install/software-boundaries-and-limits#Column