PowerShell to Delete All Files in SharePoint Document Library

Requirement: Delete All Files in SharePoint Document Library using PowerShell.

Delete All Files in SharePoint Document Library using PowerShell

How to Delete All Files in a SharePoint Document Library?

To delete all files in a SharePoint document library, follow these steps:

  1. Open the document library in SharePoint that you want to delete all files from.
  2. Click on the checkbox in the header of the leftmost column to select all files in the library. If there are multiple pages of files in the library, you may need to repeat this step on each page to select all files.
  3. Click on the “Delete” button in the toolbar at the top of the page.
  4. Confirm that you want to delete all selected files by clicking “OK” on the confirmation prompt.

This deletes all selected files and folders from the document library, and they will be sent to the recycle bin.

SharePoint PowerShell to Delete All Documents

If you want to clear out all the files from a SharePoint document library, PowerShell provides an easy way to do it. This article will show you how to use PowerShell to delete all files in a SharePoint document library.

To delete all documents in a SharePoint library, use this PowerShell:

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

#Function to Delete all files in a Folder    
Function Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary([Microsoft.SharePoint.SPFolder]$Folder)
{
    #Delete All Files in the Folder
    Foreach ($File in @($Folder.Files))  
    {
        #Delete the file
        $File.Recycle() | Out-Null

        Write-host -f Green "Deleted File '$($File.Name)' from '$($File.ServerRelativeURL)'"
    }

    #Delete files in Sub-folders
    Foreach ($SubFolder in $Folder.SubFolders | where {$_.Name -ne "Forms"})
    {
        #Call the function recursively
        Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary($SubFolder)
    }
}

#Get the Web and Library
$Web = Get-SPWeb "https://intranet.crescent.com/sales"
$Library = $Web.Lists.TryGetList("Documents")

#Call the function to Delete all files in the Library
Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary $Library.RootFolder

Please note, this script sends all files from all folders-sub folders in a library to recycle bin. If you want to permanently delete files use: $File.Delete() method instead of $File.Recycle().

PowerShell to Delete All Items from SharePoint Library

The above script deletes all files – without deleting folders and sub-folders. What if you want to remove all files and folders?

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

#Function to Delete all files in a Folder    
Function Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary([Microsoft.SharePoint.SPFolder]$Folder)
{
    #Delete All Files in the Folder
    Foreach ($File in @($Folder.Files))  
    {
        #Delete the file
        $File.Delete() | Out-Null

        Write-host -f Green "Deleted File '$($File.Name)' from '$($File.ServerRelativeURL)'"
    }

    #Delete files in Sub-folders
    Foreach ($SubFolder in $Folder.SubFolders | where {$_.Name -ne "Forms"})
    {
        #Call the function recursively
        Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary($SubFolder)
    }

    #Delete folders
    ForEach ($SubFolder in @($Folder.SubFolders))
    {
        #Exclude "Forms" and Hidden folders
        If(($SubFolder.Name -ne "Forms") -and (-Not($SubFolder.Name.StartsWith("_"))))
        {
            #Delete the Sub-Folder
            $SubFolder.Delete() | Out-Null
            Write-host -f Green "Deleted Folder '$($SubFolder.Name)' from '$($SubFolder.ServerRelativeUrl)'"
        }
    }
}

#Get the Web and Library
$Web = Get-SPWeb "https://intranet.crescent.com/sales"
$Library = $Web.Lists.TryGetList("Documents")

#Call the function to Delete all files in the Library
Delete-AllFilesFromLibrary $Library.RootFolder 

To delete all files in SharePoint Online, refer: PowerShell to Bulk Delete Files in SharePoint Online

Salaudeen Rajack

Salaudeen Rajack - Information Technology Expert with Two-decades of hands-on experience, specializing in SharePoint, PowerShell, Microsoft 365, and related products. He has held various positions including SharePoint Architect, Administrator, Developer and consultant, has helped many organizations to implement and optimize SharePoint solutions. Known for his deep technical expertise, He's passionate about sharing the knowledge and insights to help others, through the real-world articles!

One thought on “PowerShell to Delete All Files in SharePoint Document Library

  • Thank you so much for this site. but I want to do a one time permanent deletion $File.Delete() of all items older than 14 months. Any suggestions?

    Reply

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